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Krakow

Zakopane
Summer Activities
Winter Activities
Ski Slopes for beginners
Auschwitz-Birkenau
Bialka Tatrzanska
COS
Giewont
Jurgow
Gubalowka
Karol Szymanowski Museum
Kasprowy Wierch
Krakow
Kulig
Morskie Oko
Nosal
Rysy
Szymoszkowa
Tatra
Wieliczka Salt Mine
Krupowki Street - Pedestrian Zone
Krakow

Krakow

Kraków is the second largest and one of the oldest cities in Poland and the center of south Poland.

Kraków has traditionally been one of the leading centres of Polish academic, cultural, and artistic life and is one of Poland's most important economic hubs. It was the capital of the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland from 1038 to 1569.

The city has grown from a Stone Age settlement to Poland's second most important city. It began as a hamlet on Wawel Hill and was already being reported as a busy trading centre of Slavonic Europe in 965.With the establishment of new universities and cultural venues at the emergence of the Second Polish Republic in 1918 and throughout the 20th century, Kraków reaffirmed its role as a major national academic and artistic centre. The city has a population of approximately 760,000.

After the invasion of Poland at the start of World War II, Kraków became the capital of Germany's General Government. The Jewish population of the city was forced into a walled zone known as the Kraków Ghetto, from which they were sent to German extermination camps such as the nearby Auschwitz never to return, and the Nazi concentration camps like Płaszów.

In 1978, Karol Wojtyła, archbishop of Kraków, was elevated to the papacy as Pope John Paul II – the first Slavic pope ever, and the first non-Italian pope in 455 years.

Cited as one of Europe's most beautiful cities, its extensive cultural heritage across the epochs of Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque architecture includes the Wawel Cathedral and the Royal Castle on the banks of the Vistula river, the St. Mary's Basilica and the largest medieval market square in Europe, the Rynek Główny. Kraków is home to Jagiellonian University, one of the oldest universities in the world and traditionally Poland's most reputable institution of higher learning.

 You just need about two hours from Zakopane to get there. This distance enables a great day trip to Kraków to get the most important impressions of southern Poland.